Member # 425
posted 27. March 2003 22:45
Electromagnetic fields should not appear as ultimate, irreducible
" But therewith the conception of the ether has again acquired an
intelligible content, although this content differs widely from that
of the ether of the mechanical ondulatory theory of light. The ether
of the general theory of relativity is a medium which is itself
devoid of all mechanical and kinematical qualities, but helps to
determine mechanical (and electromagnetic) events. " -- AE
If the aether were to be truly an all-pervading substance, which
existed in and outside of all matter, why would it need the property
of motion? Motion and time are for objects in spacetime.
The aether is everywhere, it is the set that contains all other
sets, the set of all sets. It is the circle Zenon, Bruno and Pascal
once described, a circle whose circumference is everywhere and the
center nowhere. It is not dependent on the geometry, but helps
determine the geometry of spacetime.
Local events are bound by the rules of spacetime, like linearity,
causality and determinism. Non-local effects (like the propagation
of a given objective state), are not really happening in spacetime,
they happen at the aether level, and are not bound by the rules of
Without an aether there can't be a process such as spacetime,
there can't be any continuity, hence no causality or process. This is
also what Mach believed. Resistance to motion - he thought - could
only be the product of unity among all the masses (or objects). He
believed that there is a constant dependence (reciprocity) between
matter and the space that surrounds it, and that this unity could
only be explained by the existence of an aether.
There are no variations at the aether scale, no differences, no
measurable extensions or space-like separations, no boundaries.
This is why it is a non-mechanical medium. The aether is one.
Notions like motion, size, distance or time do not apply in the
description of the gravitational aether, and yet it is all
pervading, it is inside and outside of matter. The aether is
physical and yet has no material properties. It helps determine
ratios, like permittivity and permeability, and this ratios, in
turn, help determine the geometry of all space, from the metric
properties of spacetime to the geometry of tiny particles, like
quarks, and even particles from the chaotic ZPR, whose diameter
equals only one Planck length.
The aether helps determine things like the ratio of the electric
displacement in free space, to the intensity of the electric field
producing it (e0), or the ratio of the magnetic flux density, in free
space, to the external field strength, (m0). But it itself is
not observable, you can't say - here, lets take a look at this
aether! - because it is immaterial, real but not in spacetime, real
but not perceptible. This is why MMX failed so miserably.
Spacetime is, in a way, a product of the aether, this is why we say
the aether is the substrate to all matter AND space.
Lorentz invariant values originate at the aether level, they are
real but non-material effects which often help determine
Lorentz invariant geometrical properties of objects. This is why
some people find Topology to be such an interesting discipline.
They are a set of ratios determined at the aether scale; frame
Einstein's Gravitational Aether is more akin to Newton's absolute
space than most people think, but it is imbued with Mach's
reciprocity between matter and space, and relativation.
The reason that, in spacetime, frames must be related is because
it all comes from a single entity, reality is one single process,
the Universe is one, and all frames within the observable Universe
are related by the aether, through the aether. All frames depend on
the same aether.
But we have to be careful with meanings here. What Einstein was
referring to as 'empty space' is more akin to nothingness than the
empty space we usually talk about. Remember that at the time
Einstein wrote "The Ether and Relativity", QED was probably only a
crackpot's dream. He thought that, in order to obtain an empty
space, it was possible to extract all matter from a given volume.
It wasn't until Timothy Boyer that we began to understand the
different meanings of 'empty space'.
We must not to confuse the concept of space outlined by QED with
Einstein's gravitational aether. CBR and ZPR are observable,
material phenomena, with mechanical properties, like density and
pressure. The gravitational aether is a physical but non-material,
non-measurable, non-observable, yet very real substance.
The aether is not synonymous to space. Without an aether there can't
be any space, space is material and the aether is not. Space isn't just
full of photons and matter fields, it is the photons and the matter
fields. According to Einstein's GTR and Boyer's QED, space, matter
and EM fields are all synonymous. Matter and space are inseparable.
It is physically impossible to obtain a perfect vacuum, there will
always remain a measurable spectrum.
First was the aether, then CBR/ZPE, and finally the emergence of
Einstein's spacetime. Space is constituted by CBR and ZPE, and
spacetime is the continuous, causal process that emerged from the
eternal interactions between already existing matter and the CBR/ZPE
substrate. Space (CBR) is a medium with mechanical properties
(pressure and density). It is observable, hence measurable, and
unlike Einstein's aether, it possesses material, mechanical properties.
The empty space we are able to perceive, in spacetime, is there
because of background radiation. You take the background radiation
away and you can't have an empty space.
Einstein's Equivalency Principle says that a physical system
accelerated through the vacuum has the same equilibrium properties
as an unaccelerated system immersed in a gravitational field.
And Timothy Boyer said - 'A physical system accelerated through the
vacuum has the same equilibrium properties as an unaccelerated
system immersed in thermal radiation at a temperature above absolute
And - 'At a temperature of absolute zero a harmonic oscillator in a
frame of reference at rest or moving with constant velocity is
subject only to zero-point oscillations. In an accelerated frame the
oscillator responds as if it were at a temperature greater than
And this is how gravity is explained; space flow manifests as
gravitic pressure. Pressure goes higher as we get closer to the
source because space is denser. And this flow is caused by an
The thermodynamics governing gravity and acceleration are
basically the same, these two processes are physically
indistinguishable from each other. As an object accelerates through
space, there is an EMR exchange between the object and space
(space being wholly constituted by EMR), as a mechanism in Nature
to keep thermal equilibrium between the accelerating object and
the space that surrounds it, and as required by GR's equivalency
principle. When an object is just seating, but immersed in a
gravitational field, space is the one being accelerated (by an
electromotive force) in relation to the object, and Nature, in order
to maintain thermal equilibrium, uses this mechanism, now known
as Boyer's 'equilibrium spectrum', Unruh-Davies radiation, Rindler
flux, or Hawking's radiation.
Nobody knows how the first vacuum fluctuations really happened, but
we all know for sure that they did.
Right now there is EMR and matter waves between you and everything
around you, flowing towards you and every object around you. EMR
'bounces' off, picking and transmitting information regarding each
object's objective state, while matter waves only flow inwardly,
towards each object, also bringing information about the
environment to each object, as each object continuously crystallizes
There is a delay, as matter reaches thermal equilibrium with its
surroundings. We experience it as inertia. This is the nature of
Timothy Boyer's 'equilibrium spectrum'. It takes time for any
moving object to reach thermal equilibrium with its surroundings,
as it jumps from frame to frame in spacetime. Each frame being in
reality marked by the collapse of each matter wave front, like a
quantum clock, as inwardly flowing matter waves bring within
them some of the information necessary for each quantization,
for each objective state. Each object having its own rate, its own
wavelength, or, its own pulse, so to speak.
Each object, according to its own material properties, will
consequently exhibit its own inertial properties, like its own
weight and momentum.
The objective state of an object is instantaneously and holistically
transferred to the whole object, including its matter wave, through
space, as a non-local, non-linear function, by a mechanism of wave
superpositions. This non-locality is possible thanks to the aether's
Space is made from particles, the aether is not, space is material,
the aether is not. Space is made from two types of particles, one
which resists compression, or exhibits negative-gravitation (thermal
radiation, light), and the other which is infinitely compressible and
exhibits positive-gravitation (zero-point radiation, dark matter).
Boyer described the ZPR as fundamental to space and thermal
radiation as a product generated by the motion of ZPR particles,
[which in turn were buffeted back into motion by this thermal
radiation which they themselves had produced, providing the basis
for a perpetual motion system, and solving the riddle of infinite
energies coming from space. See Puthoff, Haisch and Rueda's
Now, if space is made from particles, then it may be subject to
changes in pressure and density, like a gas. So space particles
(dark matter), carried by matter waves, continuously condense
into material objects. That would mean that the closer you get to
the object the denser the space would be, as a function of the
object's mass and radius, explaining why gravitic pressure obeys
the inverse square law. Space particles (dark matter) are carried
in by matter selective photons by an electric current, just like
electrons are moved by the electromotive force.
There are no empty spaces in the classical sense. There can't be
a void, not as a real thing. If it IS, then it isn't a void. A void is
synonymous to nothingness (no-thing), and if space is a thing
then, a void must logically be devoid from any notions of space
or space-like extensions. There is no place for voids in a spacetime
continuum either, or it wouldn't be a continuum.
" It is not empty. Even when all matter and heat radiation have
been removed from a region of space, the vacuum of classical
physics remains filled with a distinctive pattern of electromagnetic
fields " --- [From The Classical Vacuum - by Timothy H. Boyer,
Scientific American, August 1985, pp. 70-78.]
The aether is a physically finite substance, but is spatially
unbounded. Extension is a material property not applicable to the
aether. Density is also a non-applicable property when defining the
aether, it is only applicable when describing matter. Space is
material. Space and matter are inseparable, and the properties of
density and extension do apply.
" But we can assert by reason of the relativistic equations of
gravitation that there must be a departure from Euclidean relations,
with spaces of cosmic order of magnitude, if there exists a positive
mean density, no matter how small, of the matter in the universe. In
this case the universe must of necessity be spatially unbounded and
of finite magnitude, its magnitude being determined by the value of
that mean density. " -- A.E.
Because the aether is physically finite, matter is also finite at
any given moment, but infinite as a function of time and
transformation. Nature is the perpetual motion machine.
If the aether were not physically finite, then why would the
equivalency principle be necessary when describing the motion of a
material system under acceleration? Still it can be conceived as
infinitely divisible, or indivisible; simply because it is immaterial.
If Newton's view were to be correct, and objects could be considered
as really separated, and related only by their macroscopic mechanical
interactions (billiard ball model), then why would we need the
equivalency principle to accurately describe this Universe?
Einstein's equivalency principle (the basis for GR) sprang from the
same concept of unity and wholeness implied in most of Mach's ideas.
The Absolute is really the aether, not space. Newton's absolute
space (an empty plenum, a void, which he considered as something
real) was the seed from which Einstein's aether was born. This unity
and oneness of reality, which distills from GR, is the philosophical
basis for Einstein's Pantheism.
The beauty is in its simplicity. "The aether is a physical but
non-material substance..." It IS a substance but it is not material,
therefore it does not exist IN spacetime. Being is not the same as
We can't ascribe a property like extension to the aether because the
aether is immaterial. The aether IS, but it doesn't exist in spacetime,
therefore it isn't bound by spacetime rules. Extension is a property only
applicable to material objects existing IN spacetime. In order for the
aether to exist it must BECOME spacetime. The same happens with the
properties of motion and time, the aether IS but it doesn't exist IN
spacetime, hence it is eternal... not subject to change.
" Being is a relative invariant in the overall process of becoming.
The basic ingredient must therefore be activity or process... "
---- Basil Hiley
Now we understand how Being and Nature are one and the
same, and that even though Being is eternal, there is activity, and
from this activity, order can arise, which is then transformed into
spacetime or reality, thus making reality the product of Active