On the descriptive terminology of the information transfer between organisms
by Jolanta Koszteyn and Piotr Lenartowicz SJ
Abstract—Information transfer implies two independent beings (a sender and a receiver) and two distinct, although closely tied levels of reality (the level of a message and the level of its production). In other words the "information transfer" is a multi-layer reality. The investigation of the "causal" mechanisms presupposes a proper description of the phenomenal effects. It is the phenomenal sphere of the directly observable events which provokes - in our mind - the questions driving the effort to explore the "mechanisms".
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